Author: Philip Coppens
ISBN: 13: 978-1-60163-2326
In The Lost Civilization Enigma,
Philip Coppens makes a strong case that civilization began many millenia before the 4,000 B.C. put forth by a majority of archeologists. And he did it without attributing it to aliens. Instead, he reasoned that our ancestors were smart enough to become civilized as long as 10,000 years ago.
Coppens gathered information from digs around the world that point to humans living in villages and towns. Their homes may have been made of biodegradable matierials but their temples were made of stone.
It has been the common theory among archeologists that civilizations developed independently of each other. According to Coppens, different archeological sites around the world reflect that there was a burgeoning trade going on between different cultures on the European continent as well as across the seas to America.
He theorizes that most of the copper mined in Upper Michigan was traded to Europe because there is not enough copper in the archeological record of America to account for the amout that was mined.
It seems in the past the archeologists sought to discredit finds by amatuers in the field. In the 1930's in France, a site was contaminated purposely because it had been found by a peasant farmer. The farmer was even arrested and charged with fraud. Since it was before carbon dating, it was impossible to tell what were ancient artifacts and what were fakes. So the site was not considered a true archeological excavation.
In Turkey Gobekli Tepe was another accidental discovery. It was first decribed as a Byzantine cemetery by American archeologist Peter Benedict. Subsequently, German archeologist Harald Hauptmann, and Adnan Misir and Eyup Bucak began excavating in 1995. They soon learned that the site was much more.They found a series of circular and oval structures dated to approximately 10,000 B.C. which is 5,000 years older than the Sumerian civilization.
He also notes the sites around the world that have pyramids. Pyramids are found in more places than Egypt, Mexico and Central America. They are also found in China, Peru, and Bosnia.
From the cave paintings in France to the rock paintings in northern Africa, edvidence shows that the early humans weren't just hunters and gatherers, but they were also intelligent and capable of producing quality work.
Stonehenge is not to only rock megalithic site in the British Isles. On the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides is a megalithic stone circle called Callanish. It is not as well known as Stonehenge but is just as awe inspiring.
Coppens uses these examples and many, many more to make the case that the human race was civilized long before there was written language. This book is an interesting read for those who are interested in ancient cultures. It is well written and informative.Follow Here To Purchase The Lost Civilization Enigma: A New Inquiry Into the Existence of Ancient Cities, Cultures, and Peoples Who Pre-Date Recorded History